Palacio, RJ. Wonder. N.p.: Random House USA, 2014. Print.
I’ve always been fascinated by bravery. I’m drawn to quotes about bravery, brave figures from history, and brave characters in books and movies. I like that courage means different things to different people. For Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games, it meant fighting her way out of an arena filled with competitors who were determined to kill her. For Eleanor Douglas in Eleanor & Park, it meant laying aside insecurities and opening to the possibility of love. For August Pullman in RJ Palacio’s Wonder, it meant waking up, getting dressed, and facing his peers at school.
August “Auggie” Pullman has dealt with gawking and whispers his entire life. Born with a condition known as mandibulofacial dysostosis, Auggie has undergone multiple surgeries that have left his facial features distorted. Although he’s different on the outside, he truly is a normal kid at heart. He loves Star Wars, his doting parents, older sister Via, and geriatric dog Daisy.
His sense of security is shattered when his mother suggests that homeschooled Auggie attend nearby Beecher Prep as he begins middle school. Unbeknownst to him, Mr. Tushman, the middle school director, has asked a handful of kids to take Auggie under their wing. Among the students tasked with befriending him are Jack Will, a flawed but goodhearted student, and Julian, a bully who feigns innocence around adults. As the school year begins, Auggie is talked about and ostracized. Will he find the courage to continue attending school? Will he make any true friends? And how will this new transition affect the people closest to him?
One of my favorite aspects of Wonder is the use of multiple narrators. Storytelling shifts from Auggie to Via to Jack Will to Auggie’s friend Summer and so on. Readers can clearly see that Auggie’s foray into mainstream schooling has a definite ripple effect on those around him. Palacio also does an excellent job capturing the language and mindset of teens and preteens. The descriptions of insults and unfair treatment are hard to read at times, but they reflect the bullying and social hierarchy that are (sadly) sometimes part of the middle and high school experience. This is also a story that could have easily become melodramatic or overdone, but it refrains from being preachy or haughty. The most emotional moments in the entire book were quiet, subtle, and expertly written.
As it is an easy read with an important message, I had few complaints about Wonder. I was a bit puzzled by the narration of Justin, Via’s boyfriend. Although his narrative voice isn’t drastically different than the others in the book, the author chose to forgo uppercase letters. I initially thought this reflected his shyness or nervousness, but he later lands the lead role in a school play, so this assumption was incorrect.
Wonder could serve many purposes in the classroom, from teaching standard literary elements to serving as a focal point in an anti-bullying unit. It’s an excellent way to springboard important conversations: how is kindness a choice? When have you ever felt excluded from your peers? Why is our society so fixated on physical appearance? Well-written and realistic, Wonder is a novel that your students will still discuss months or even years after reading the final page.